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Hobbies. Leisure Time: Учебно-методическое пособие

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Учебно-методическое пособие содержит тексты и задания для чтения и аудирования, лексико-грамматические и коммуникативные задания, словарь лексики и охватывает все аспекты обучения устной речи - аудирование, монологическую и диалогическую речь. Предлагаются упражнения, которые позволяют использовать как индивидуальную, так и разные формы интерактивной деятельности обучаемых (парную, групповую, фронтальную). Даны разнообразные задания для самостоятельной работы студентов. Пособие разработано с учетом принципа коммуникативной направленности и соответствует современным требованиям преподавания иностранных языков. Для студентов гуманитарных специальностей, изучающих английский язык.

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                                   Reading                                              Hobbies today include a vast range of activities. The definition
                                                                             that best covers all these activities is probably constructive leisure-time
                              I. Hobbies                                     activities.
                                                                                    Hobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen a hobby according
                          1. What is a hobby?                                to your character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes
1.1. Pre-reading focus.                                                      more interesting.
      What is a hobby? What hobbies do you know?                                    Hobbies are divided into four large classes: doing things, making
      - Work in two or three groups                                          things, collecting things, and learning things.
      - Brainstorm your ideas                                                       The most popular of all hobby groups is doing things. It includes
      - Write down the definition of the word “hobby”                        a wide variety of activities, everything from gardening to travelling and
      - Make out a list of hobbies                                           from chess to volleyball.
      - Exchange your ideas                                                         Sport has always been popular in our country. There are different
                                                                             sporting societies and clubs in Russia. Many of them take part in
1.2. Pre-reading task.                                                       different international tournaments and are known all over the world.
                                                                             Our sportsmen take part in the Olympic Games and always win a lot of
       Now read the text “Hobbies”.                                          gold, silver and bronze medals.
       - Learn about the origin of the word “hobby”                                 Millions of people watch figure skating competitions, hockey
       - Compare your group’s definition of the word “hobby’ with the        and football matches, car races, tennis tournaments and other sports
definition given in the text                                                 events. Certainly watching sports events and going in for sports are two
       - Classify hobbies. Write down examples of hobbies. Compare           different things. Now everybody knows that sport can be a profession
your group’s list of hobbies with the classification given in the text       and a business. But sport can be fun as well. Besides, it helps to stay in
                                                                             good shape, to keep fit and to be healthy. Doing sports is becoming
1.3. Reading.                                                                more and more popular. Some people do it occasionally - swimming in
                                Hobbies                                      summer, skiing or skating in winter - but many people go in for sports
What is a hobby?                                                             on a more regular basis. They try to find time to go to a swimming pool
       In the 16th century a favorite toy for children of all ages was the   or a gym at least once a week for aerobics or yoga classes, body
hobbyhorse. In appearance a hobbyhorse could be as simple as a stick,        building or just work-out on a treadmill.
or it could have a decorated wooden framework with an imitation                     Gardening is one of the oldest of man's hobbies. It's a well-
horse's head attached. Whether simple or elaborate, children used them       known fact that the English are very fond of gardening and growing
for the games of the time involving war and knighthood, much as              flowers, especially roses.
children in the early part of the 20th century played cowboys and                   Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays
Indians. In time the popularity of the hobbyhorse declined, but the          travelling, they travel to enjoy picturesque places, or just for a change
pleasure of doing something outside the routine activities of daily life     of scene. It's always interesting to discover new things, different ways
had brought a new word into the language, the word hobby which is a          of life, to meet different people, to try different food, to listen to
shortened form of hobbyhorse.                                                different musical rhythms.



                                   21                                                                            22


        Those who live in the country like to go to a big city and spend             No matter what kind of hobby a person has, he always has the
their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows        opportunity of learning from it. By reading about the things he is
and dining at exotic restaurants. City-dwellers usually like a quiet          interested in, he is adding to what he knows. Learning things can be the
holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk and       most exciting aspect of a hobby.
bathe and laze in the sun.
        Most travellers and holiday-makers take a camera with them and        1.4. Comprehension.
take pictures of everything that interests them - the sights of a city, old
                                                                              Answer the questions
churches and castles, views of mountains, lakes, valleys, plains,
                                                                                 1) What is the origin of the word “hobby”?
waterfalls, forests; different kind of trees, flowers and plants, animals
                                                                                 2) What is the definition of the word “hobby”?
and birds.
                                                                                 3) What are 4 large classes? Hobbies are divided into?
        Later, perhaps years later, they will be reminded by the photos of
                                                                                 4) What is the most poplar of all hobby groups?
the happy time they have had.
                                                                                 5) What can sport be? (Can sport be fun as well?)
        People travel by train, by plane, by boat and by car. All means of
                                                                                 6) What is one of the oldest of man’s hobbies?
travel have their advantages and disadvantages. And people choose one
                                                                                 7) Why are people fond of travelling?
according to their plans and destinations.
                                                                                 8) What is a relatively new hobby, which is becoming more and
        If we are fond of travelling, we see and learn a lot of things that
                                                                                     more popular?
we can never see or learn at home, though we may read about them in
                                                                                 9) What famous and well-known personalities were 2 of the most
books and newspapers, and see pictures of them on TV. The best way
                                                                                     famous hobby painters?
to study geography is to travel, and the best way to get to know and
                                                                                 10) What do people usually collect?
understand people is to meet them in their own homes.
        Both grown-ups and children are fond of playing different
                                                                              1.5. Discussion.
computer games. This is a relatively new hobby but it's becoming more
and more popular.                                                                 1) The text runs “If you have chosen a hobby according to your
        Making things includes drawing, painting, making sculpture,                  character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes
designing costumes, handicrafts. Two of the most famous hobby                        more interesting”. Do you agree/disagree? Explain why.
painters were President Eisenhower and Sir Winston Churchill. Some                2) The text runs “No matter what kind of hobby a person has, he
hobbyists write music or play musical instruments.                                   always has the opportunity of learning from it”. Do you
        Almost everyone collects something at some period in his life:               agree/disagree? Explain why.
stamps, coins, matchboxes, books, records, postcards, toys, watches.              3) Speak to your partner about you hobby. Keep in mind the
Some collections have no real value. Others become so large and so                   following issues:
valuable that they are housed in museums and galleries. Many world-                  - Has your life become more interesting?
famous collections started in a small way with one or two items. People              - Have you learnt from your hobby?
with a good deal of money often collect paintings, rare books and other
art objects. Often such private collections are given to museums,
libraries and public galleries so that others might take pleasure in
seeing them.


                                    23                                                                          24


                          2. Hobby: Collector                             masterpieces of Faberge firm. By the way, the collection includes about
                                                                          100 works by Jury Bakhtin made of mammoth tusk and Eugene
2.1. Pre-reading focus.
                                                                          Onishenko.
Do you know anything about collector?
What do people usually collect? What do you know?                                                       Alexander
   - Work in 3 groups
                                                                                 My name is Alexander. I am a Russian policeman. I have my
   - Brainstorm your ideas
                                                                          own web-site, which is about me and my job in the investigative
   - Make out a list of things people usually collect
                                                                          service, it has some pictures of Russian militia and of my native city
                                                                          Vladivostok and talks about many other interesting things.
2.2. Pre-reading task.
                                                                                 I am often asked by my colleagues-collectors to send them
Now, read three texts about the collectors from Russia and the things     Russian police and army insignia. At present time my financial
they collect.                                                             situation does not allow me to give out these items as presents. The
       The 1st group – read the text “Vladimir Andreevich Pelepenko”      reason for that is an extremely high price of postal services in Russia
       The 2nd group – read the text “Alexander”                          and the expensiveness of the insignia itself. I have an access to
       The 3rd group – read the text “Elena Lisina”                       acquiring patches, pins, orders and uniforms of Russian police and
       Add the things these Russians collect to you group’s list of       army at a low price. Besides, I have my own stock of these items. If
things people usually collect.                                            you are interested in getting Russian police, army and KGB patches,
                                                                          pins, decorations and uniforms - I can help you with that.
2.3. Reading.                                                                    Police collectors have a practice of exchanging patches from
                                                                          their departments, and it is like a sign of friendship. I support this
                  Vladimir Andreevich Pelepenko
                                                                          tradition.
       A collector, General chief of UMC «Nedra», owner of «Cameo»
shop, was born in Tumen in 1935. He has been living in Ekaterinburg                                   Elena Lisina
from 1957. In 1962 he graduated from Urals Polytechnical University
                                                                                 Elena Lisina is a designer, the member of the Union of
as an electrician engineer. His passion to natural stone and wish to
                                                                          Designers of Russia since 1988. Since 1989 she has been making
gather a collection appeared at the age of 36. At present time unique
                                                                          unique, one-of-a-kind cloth dolls. She is a member of British Doll
collection includes more than 10 thousand exhibits. There are 1000
                                                                          Artists Association (BDA). Elena Lisina has been collecting dolls since
agates of Chukotka (the most complete gathering), minerals of
                                                                          1989 and exhibiting them. In 1997, on the Convention of the United
excellent beauty from whole USSR and many regions of the world. The
                                                                          Federation of Doll Clubs (UFDC) in Los-Angeles, Elena was awarded
collection was first exhibited in Munich (1988) and later in Vienna,
                                                                          with "The Award of Excellence" for the "Exhibit of Dolls".
Dortmund, Hamburg, Denver (1989), London (1993) and Athens
                                                                                 Since 1992 Elena Lisina's dolls collection has been exhibited in
(1994).
                                                                          the Museum of Ural's Writers of Ekaterinburg, Elena also organizes
       Besides minerals the collection represents the products of stone
                                                                          doll exhibits in the other towns - Tumen, Rezh and etc. In the process
made by Urals masters: Anatoly Ovchinnikov, Aleksei Antonov,
                                                                          of collaboration with the Museum of the Ural's Writers the unique form
Anatoly Zhukov, Jury Polovnikov, Viacheslav Obolensky. Their works
                                                                          of a Doll museum was found - the combination of doll exhibit with
of crystal and precious stones are of equal or better quality than
                                                                          literary themes that makes exhibits more educational and informative.

                                  25                                                                        26


The exhibits that lasted for 1 year each, had such themes: "Dolls in        3.2. Pre-reading task
Russian & foreign Fairy Tales", "Russian Toys", "The Nutcracker and
                                                                            Now, read four texts about “strange hobbies” of Americans
the Doll Kingdom", "Tales for Alyonushka" and etc. made the
                                                                                  The 1st group – read the text “Duct Tape Artist”
acquaintance not only with doll history, but with literature and tales as
                                                                                           The 2nd group – read the text “Junk Craftsman”
well.                                                                                   rd
                                                                                  The 3 group – read the text “Skunk Enthusiast”
       Every year they organized the children's contests of handmade
                                                                                  The 4th group – read the text “Clown”
dolls & toys, the themes were: "My Favorite Literary Hero", "Doll as a
                                                                            Add strange hobbies these Americans have to your group’s list of
Literary Character".
                                                                            “strange hobbies”.

2.4. Post-reading discussion                                                3.3. Reading.
      • Now find a partner from each group. Work in groups of three.                                  Duct Tape Artist
        Exchange the ideas.
                                                                                    Melody Williams, 17
      • What do people usually collect?
                                                                                    Greers Ferry, Arkansas
        What do people rarely collect?
                                                                                    As you can see, Melody's hobby is duct tape art. Her creations
        Discuss in the class
                                                                            include shoes, clothes, jewelry, cards and sculptures–even a model of
        Make a table on the blackboard
                                                                            Shakespeare's Globe Theater (which later became a home for her pet
                                                                            turtle, Shelley).
  COMMON COLLECTIONS                 UNCOMMON COLLECTIONS                           Most people aren't quite sure what to make of Melody's
                                                                            fascination with duct tape. "They laugh and mock me, "she says, "but
                                                                            they always come to me when they need an adhesive."
      • Do you collect anything? Are you a collector?                               Laughter isn't the only "difficulty Melody encounters while
        If your answer is a positive one, say what you collect.             pursuing her hobby, "Duct tape is very sticky," she says, "When I was
        If your answer is a negative one, say what you would like to        making my skirt, I had a lot of problems with it sticking to itself in
        collect or explain why you wouldn’t like to collect anything.       places it wasn't supposed to. Also, wearing duct tape is slightly
                                                                            uncomfortable. It's stiff and difficult to breathe very well"
                          3. Strange Hobbies                                        Not that any of these drawbacks have diminished her love for the
                                                                            "handyman's friend." She's even written a song about it:
3.1. Pre-reading focus.                                                             I have to say that my world is gray,
      Do you know anything about “strange hobbies”?                                 not because of compromises made
      What are strange hobbies? What do you think?                                  or morals in the shade,
      - Work in 4 groups                                                            but because of a sticky tape
      - Brainstorm your ideas                                                       and the way it takes shape.
      - Make out a list of “strange hobbies”                                        There are so many uses
                                                                                    and not many abuses
                                                                                    of this great sticky mess

                                   27                                                                         28


      the component of my dress ...                                       she says. "And besides, if everyone took up my hobby, there would be
      Ode to duct tape, my best friend;                                   fewer skunks out there for me to collect!”
      Ode to duct tape,
      may the gray never end.                                                                              Clown
                                                                                 Tracy Earley, 16
                          Junk Craftsman
                                                                                 Richmond, Virginia
        Zach Duke, 19                                                            “Have you ever met anybody who wears a red nose and floppy
        Palatka, Florida                                                  shoes for fun?” Tracy asks. “That’s me! I’m a clown!”
        "Have you ever dreamed of having one thing in your life that             Tracy got into clowning as part of a church ministry. She's still a
you could say you’ve made? Well, if so, this is the hobby to get into.    part of that group, and she's also started clowning around at kids’
All you need is an imagination, some old junk, and a creative outlook.    birthday parties. She can tie animal balloons, ride a unicycle, paint
This hobby is completely original: No one's junk is the same!"            faces, juggle and do magic tricks.
        Zach’s hobby includes making picture frames, clocks and little           One of the toughest things about clowning, besides coming up
storage boxes out of odd items ("junk" items). He uses materials          with new routines all the time, is the expense – a pair of clown shoes
ranging from CD sleeves and license plates to an old snare drum. What     alone costs over $200. But Tracy still loves her hobby. "I love making
surprises him about his creations isn't just how well they turn out—he    people laugh!" she says. "In the serious, fast-paced world we live in,
can't believe that people want to pay for them.                           clowning is a way to relax and have fun. Plus it becomes fun during
        "When I made the storage boxes," he says, "a few of my friends    boring moments at school. Sometimes in the middle of a really slow
offered me money for them. Then when I made a clock, people offered       day, I gather up things to juggle from my friends' backpacks and liven
to buy that, too. I was amazed that my small ideas to create something    up the class a bit!"
a little out-of-the-ordinary would receive so much attention".
                                                                          3.4. Post-reading discussion.
                          Skunk Enthusiast
                                                                                • Find a partner from each group. Work in groups of four.
       Brittany Miller, 21                                                        Exchange the ideas.
       Stillwater, Oklahoma                                                     • What is the most unusual hobby of all hobbies discussed?
       Collecting stuffed animals is quite a common hobby. But                    What do you think?
collecting skunks is something else. “I have never met another person
                                                                                • Do you want to have this hobby? Why? /Why not? Explain.
who even likes skunks–much less collects them”, Brittany says.
                                                                                • Do you have a strange hobby?
       There aren’t too many collectors with Brittany’s taste, besides
                                                                                  Vote and make a table on the blackboard
the toys can be pretty tough to locate. "You can find plenty of
                                                                                         NO                               YES
miniature dogs, stuffed bunnies and model horses, but skunks aren't as
common," she says. “It seems, though, that there are starting to be
more and more. Since I buy one every time I see one, skunk producers
are probably starting to think they’re a hot item!'' Which is fine with         If you have an unusual hobby, say what it is.
her, as long as skunk supply continues to exceed skunk demand. "If              • Do you want to have your groupmates’ hobbies? Why? /Why
everyone collected skunks, my hobby wouldn't seem as special to me,”              not? Explain.

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                  4. Famous people’s collections                                    Secondly, they are thrown about in disturbance all over the
                                                                             house. De Niro says that it is done deliberately – it's easier for him to
4.1. Pre-reading focus.
                                                                             choose the cut, corresponding to his mood. De Niro's collection is
      • Have you heard anything about famous and well-known                  "active" – now and then he puts on one of his hats and wears it. But the
        people’s collections?                                                most interesting fact is that all of his wives and girlfriends assure that
      • Who are these collectors?                                            when De Niro puts on one of his hats, his image transforms thoroughly.
      • What do these personalities collect?
                                                                             4.4. Post-reading discussion.
4.2. Pre-reading task.                                                             • Find a partner from the other group and exchange the
       Now read two texts about famous and well-known American                       information about these collectors.
actors John Travolta and Robert De Niro.                                           • Have you known about John Travolta’s and Robert De Niro’s
       Work in two groups                                                            collections?
       The 1st group – read the text about John Travolta                           • Are these collections common or strange? Why or why not?
       The 2nd group – read the text about Robert De Niro                            Explain.

4.3. Reading.                                                                4.5. Project Time.
       The psychologists assure that collecting stimulates the interest to          Using the Internet and personal web-sites of your favorite star or
life and raises the feeling of self-esteem.                                  person make a report about “Famous and well-known people’s
                                                                             collections”. Represent your project in the class.
       It is known about John Travolta that before he has become a
collector, he was a normal, cheerful lad that did all with appetite: ate,                              5. Prestige Hobbies
rescued and loved his wife Kelly Preston. But once upon a time
Travolta has bought a plane – a small storm trooper, which initiated the     5.1. Pre-reading focus.
hasty disease. Travolta liked the new toy so much, that he has decided             • Collections are known to become work sometimes. Do you
to collect the flying machines. The storm trooper was followed by the                know anything about the collector who established a museum,
reactive "Golfstrim", then "Boing-707", all in all now he possesses 7                a gallery or a shop?
planes! Imagine how much space this collection occupies! And how                   • Who were/are these collectors?
much money it costs? Last year Travolta ordered to install in each of              • What did they establish?
the airsheds the extremely sensitive cameras and the security system,
the central board of which is set into the back of his bed.                  5.2. Pre-reading task.
       Robert De Niro's collection is not so extravagant - it's just the           Now read the text “Prestige Hobbies”, dealing with the
collection of hats. But, first, there are plenty of them – approximately     experience of establishing so-called “Hobby City”. Do you like the
1500.                                                                        idea? Why/ Why not? Explain.



                                   31                                                                           32


5.3. Reading.
                           Prestige Hobbies                                   №               BENEFIT                      EXPLANATION
                                                                              1
       In 1955 the grounds of an old 3-acre chicken ranch were being          2
cleared. On this land the DeArmond family would build a growing city          3
with the hobbyist in mind. Within a few years, 3 additional acres were
added to the original location making room for more collector shops
and expanded free parking. In 1994, an additional 4 acres were               6.2. Pre-reading task.
acquired, providing room for more parking and Adventure City, an                    Read the essay “Reading for pleasure” written by Bala Yahaya
amusement park built just for kids.                                          in groups. (Each paragraph is of each student). Find benefits of
       Imagine a 10 acre little city filled with thousands of interesting    reading
collectibles. The hobby and art shops in Hobby City are housed in                   - While reading the essay compare your group’s list of the
uniquely constructed theme buildings. Bear collectors will surely enjoy      benefits with those given by Bala Yahaya.
visiting the old tree trunk towering into the sky almost 38 feet. Or visit          - After reading the essay add the benefits of reading given in the
the 1/2 scale replica of the White House, in which you can find some of      essay to yours.
the rarest dolls and toys.
                                                                             6.3. Reading.
5.4. Project Time.
                                                                                                       Reading for pleasure
       Work in two groups. Create your own project. It may be a
museum, a gallery, a shop, a club, a centre, etc. Represent your project                                  Bala Yahaya
in the class. Keep in mind the following issues:
       - Why have you decided to organize it?                                       Human beings have various ways of relaxation. Some prefer
       - What will be exhibited there?                                       spending their free time listening to music, while some prefer going out
       Why is it worth visiting?                                             to the beach to savour the good provisions of nature; to some others,
                                                                             the best way to enjoy one's free time is to be glued to the TV set
                       6. Reading as a Hobby                                 watching soap operas, home videos, musicals, etc. One very good way
                                                                             of enjoying one's free time is through reading. Unfortunately, the
6.1. Pre-reading focus.                                                      number of people taking advantage of this wonderful hobby is fast
      1) Do you read for pleasure?                                           declining. Most people today see reading as a burdensome endeavour
         Vote and fill in the table on the blackboard                        that should only be embarked upon when 'chasing' degrees, diplomas,
                                                                             or certificates. To this group of people, reading outside the classroom is
        OFTEN                SOMETIMES                   NEVER               a way of stressing oneself. According to the Californian Department of
                                                                             Education, "Professional educators and the public at large have long
                                                                             known that reading is an enabling skill that traverses academic
                                                                             disciplines and translates into meaningful personal, social, and
      2) What are the benefits of reading as a hobby?
                                                                             economic outcomes for individuals."
         Brainstorm your ideas in 2-3 groups. Write them down.

                                   33                                                                           34


       Because of the society's growing apathy for reading, the number               Moreover, reading of relevant materials avails us the opportunity
of 'non-academic' visitors to our libraries has, over the years,              to fairly assess our condition, make comparisons, and come out seeing
drastically reduced. This dearth of reading culture has contributed a lot     our problems as very minor and thanking God in the process. For
to our collective stagnation as a people. We tend to see things from          example, a nagging wife who reads Isidore Okphe who's novel, "The
very myopic, sentimental and even outrightly uncivilised points of            Victims", would transform to a good housewife and thank God for not
view. This, perhaps, explains why we no longer appreciate the good            letting her into the shoes of Nwabunor, Ogugua, and all other such
virtue of putting ourselves last and others first when such need arises. It   characters and their plights that combine to make the story a tragic one.
further explains why our national aspiration of establishing a strong,        In the same vein, reading George Orwell's "Animal Farm" could also
virile, independent nation continues to elude us. At the local level,         make a society to tread softly, the path of instigated rebellion against
inherited values of good neighbourliness, courage, honesty, and               constituted authorities because their supposed messiahs may turn out to
industry are grossly discarded and in their place selfishness, laziness,      be their evil predators.
insincerity, and sycophancy become the order of the day. This is
because it is an established fact that reading of high quality materials             Reading also has the potential of bringing oat the best in us by
helps in moulding, in a positive way, the character trait of children and     making us to be creative. Readers have the natural tendency of seeing
to some extent, redirecting that of adults.                                   their favorite writers as role models thus wanting to become like them.
                                                                              This ignites the urge in the individual to write in the characteristic style
       Lyon and Chhabra (1996) opine that, "It is common knowledge            of his own role model. Writing is said to be one percent inspiration and
that reading is the fulcrum of academics, the pivotal ability that            99 percent perspiration. Thus an individual gets inspired by the works
stabilizes and leverages children's opportunities to learn and to become      of others and makes all the sacrifices to produce a unique work of his
reflective, independent learners." A child who grows up in an                 own. This makes the society become an ocean of valuable ideas.
environment where the reading culture is alive and kicking, grows up                 Another benefit of reading as a hobby is that, far more than other
to, in majority of cases, become a fully enlightened, broadminded,            pastimes, it develops one's intellectual capacity and understanding of
socially balanced, culturally aware, and philosophically outstanding          hitherto, strange things. Reading a good travelogue, for example, gives
individual. Such individuals are, of course, the assets any country           one an insight into the lifestyle of people in other countries, continents
needs to attain greatness.                                                    and even creatures in other planets. The knowledge of their culture,
                                                                              religion and climatic conditions makes one to appreciate why they
       Furthermore, reading is a good way of chasing away boredom.            dress in a particular way, why they eat a particular kind of food, why
This is because engaging oneself in reading of a well-written book,           they engage in a particular kind of trade among many other 'whys'.
piece, biography, play, poem, etc., could effectively divorce him from        Thus unlike, the unenlightened individual, he does not bring himself to
any unpleasant realities of life that may be bedeviling him at any point      blindly copy the life style of others. Consequently, he becomes proud
in time. Any person who makes reading a hobby would readily attest to         of his own culture and becomes ready to claim his nationality with all
the fact that when he lays his hands on an interesting story, he finds        its peculiarities; and without any unjustifiable negative feeling of
himself so carried away that he doesn't even remember that it is time         inferiority. It also enables one to get acquainted with the meanings and
for lunch! Now if reading could divorce one from a reality like hunger,       usage of several words and phrases. This aids the individual's
the issue of boredom is certainly a minimal one.


                                    35                                                                            36


communication skills in his business and social dealings with other
members of the society.)                                                      6.5. Discussion.
       Having considered some of the benefits accruable to an
                                                                                    • Human beings have various ways of relaxation. Some prefer
individual who adopts reading as a pastime, it will be appropriate to, at
                                                                                      spending their free time listening to music while others prefer
this juncture, examine some of the ways through which the reading
                                                                                      going out to the beach to savour the good provisions of nature;
culture can be revived among our people. In the first place, it is said
                                                                                      for some others the best way to enjoy one’s free time is to be
that 'charity begins at home', thus it is the humble opinion of this writer
                                                                                      glued to the TV set watching soap operas, homevideos,
that the inculcation of reading culture in our people should start from
                                                                                      musicals, etc. One very good way of enjoying one’s free time
the home.
                                                                                      is through reading. “Tastes differ”.
       This is because, any hobby good or bad adopted from childhood
automatically becomes part and parcel of the individual and will be                 • What is your hobby?
very difficult to discard. Therefore while it is recommended that                   • The text runs: “Any hobby good or bad adopted from
parents should try and arouse the interest of their children towards                  childhood automatically becomes part and parcel of the
reading, it is also necessary to add that they should, at the same time,              individual and will be very difficult to discard”.
regulate the kinds of materials accessible to them. Secondly,                         Do you agree/disagree? Explain.
government should also set in motion, a pragmatic programme for the                   If you agree, say, what parents should do to try and arouse the
resuscitation of the reading culture in our society. This could be done               interest of their children towards reading/ towards other
through resuscitation of our library system, creation of reading centres              hobbies?
in our various relaxation spots, setting up of internet cafes where                 • The text runs “Many people allow themselves to ditch this
people can have access to the net at affordable rates, subsidizing                    great pastime relying on the not-so-plausible excuse of "I don't
reading materials, recognition and encouragement of writers through                   have time for reading (a hobby)"”
sponsorship of writing competitions, publication of materials, and                    Is it an excuse? What do you think? Explain, why?
funding of literary activities.                                                       If you think, that it is not an excuse, say, what people should do
       Many people allow themselves to ditch this great pastime relying               to manage their time?
on the not-so-plausible excuse of "I don't have time for reading" and
thus allow even incisive and analytic newspaper features to pass them.                                  7. Animal Lovers
Thus, at the individual level, we should make conscious effort to
                                                                              7.1. Pre-reading focus.
"create time for reading", knowing fully well that it is not only a good
way of keeping ourselves abreast of happenings around us and beyond,              1) Do you think that keeping pets is a good idea?
but also an effective means of spending our free time. A way of using             2) What pets are generally kept in town? In the country?
one stone to kill two birds, if you like.                                         3) What are unusual (exotic) pets to keep? What is the most
                                                                                     unusual pet you have heard of?
6.4. Post-reading discussion.                                                     4) What problems do people face if they keep pets?
                                                                                  5) Why do people keep pets nowadays?
      Now, exchange your ideas. Find a partner from another group
                                                                                  6) Have you ever had a pet? What was it?
      What group had found more benefits of reading?
                                                                                  7) Are you keeping a pet now? What is it and what is it like?
      Do the students of each group adopt reading as a pastime?

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                          That is interesting!                              smile. British pet owners spend around 3.5 billion pounds a year on pet
 It is possible to use the personal pronouns he/she when talking            care and products. In the last five years, the amount spent on pet food,
 about pets. You can use                                                    toys and vet bills has risen by almost 25%.
 them when you treat your pet as a member of your family. Here are                 There are some pet owners who spend thousands of pounds on
 some examples:                                                             medical care to keep their sick pets alive. Pets can even have their teeth
 I have got a pet. She is a cat. Her name is Fluffy.                        cleaned and special pet contact lenses prescribed. Recently, it has
 I’ve got a dog. His name is Snoopy.                                        become legal to use organ transplants to treat serious pet illnesses,
                                                                            such as kidney failure.
                                                                                   However, it has not yet been decided on the source of donor
    8) It is not a secret that British people love pets to bits and would   organs. In America, organ transplants for pets have been allowed for a
       do anything to make their life enjoyable. But just how far does      long time. Normally, owners of pets receiving the organs are expected
       this love go? Do you know the answer?                                to adopt the donor animal, usually a stray animal, and care for both.
                                                                                   There are a number of pet accessories available to pets and their
7.2. Pre-reading task.                                                      owners. Special flashing collars for walking at night, water-resistant
       Now, read the text “Just how much do they love their pets?”          dog jackets, car ramps for old or overweight dogs - you name it, they
       While reading fill in the vocabulary table. Then compare you         have got it! There are also special accessories designed to keep your
tables in the class.                                                        pet fit, such as treadmills for dogs to exercise indoors or orthopaedic
                                                                            beds for dogs that suffer from a bad back. There is even a special pet
       to love smb. to                                                      hotel in Newcastle upon Tyne that offers cats and dogs an opportunity
       bits
                                                                            to exercise in the indoor gym, relax in the Jacuzzi or watch videos of
                                                                            their owners on personal TV and video sets.
                                Key vocabulary
                                                                                   Unfortunately, in spite of Britain's reputation as pet lovers,
                                                                            animal abuse and cruelty still happen. There are a number of
                                                                            organisations that protect animals in Britain, but the most important is
                                                                            the RSPCA – the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
                                                                            Animals. The word 'Royal' indicates that the Society is under special
                                                                            patronage of the Queen. Compare this to the National Society for the
7.3. Reading.                                                               Prevention of Cruelty to Children and you will get a quick taste of how
                                                                            serious the British are about animal welfare.
                         A Nation of Animal Lovers:
                                                                                   Although all pets are entitled to love and devotion from their
Do you have a pet? It is no secret that British people love their pets      owners, there are some pets that deserve good treatment and care more
to bits and would do anything to make their life enjoyable. But just        than others. These are assistance dogs. Endal, an assistance dog owned
how far does this love go? The answer is QUITE far.                         by a Gulf-war veteran Allen Parton, who is confined to a wheel-chair
       As you walk anywhere in Britain, you are greeted by hundreds         after suffering a serious head injury, has even won a number of awards
of literally smiling cat faces, which makes you think that the Cheshire     recognising the dog's achievements in helping people. Endal can use
cat in Alice in Wonderland might not have been a mere product of            cashpoint machines, buy bus tickets and do the shopping.
Lewis Carroll's imagination. Well, British cats have every reason to

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