Hobbies. Leisure Time: Учебно-методическое пособие
Учебно-методическое пособие содержит тексты и задания для чтения и аудирования, лексико-грамматические и коммуникативные задания, словарь лексики и охватывает все аспекты обучения устной речи - аудирование, монологическую и диалогическую речь. Предлагаются упражнения, которые позволяют использовать как индивидуальную, так и разные формы интерактивной деятельности обучаемых (парную, групповую, фронтальную). Даны разнообразные задания для самостоятельной работы студентов. Пособие разработано с учетом принципа коммуникативной направленности и соответствует современным требованиям преподавания иностранных языков. Для студентов гуманитарных специальностей, изучающих английский язык.
Reading Hobbies today include a vast range of activities. The definition that best covers all these activities is probably constructive leisure-time I. Hobbies activities. Hobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen a hobby according 1. What is a hobby? to your character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes 1.1. Pre-reading focus. more interesting. What is a hobby? What hobbies do you know? Hobbies are divided into four large classes: doing things, making - Work in two or three groups things, collecting things, and learning things. - Brainstorm your ideas The most popular of all hobby groups is doing things. It includes - Write down the definition of the word “hobby” a wide variety of activities, everything from gardening to travelling and - Make out a list of hobbies from chess to volleyball. - Exchange your ideas Sport has always been popular in our country. There are different sporting societies and clubs in Russia. Many of them take part in 1.2. Pre-reading task. different international tournaments and are known all over the world. Our sportsmen take part in the Olympic Games and always win a lot of Now read the text “Hobbies”. gold, silver and bronze medals. - Learn about the origin of the word “hobby” Millions of people watch figure skating competitions, hockey - Compare your group’s definition of the word “hobby’ with the and football matches, car races, tennis tournaments and other sports definition given in the text events. Certainly watching sports events and going in for sports are two - Classify hobbies. Write down examples of hobbies. Compare different things. Now everybody knows that sport can be a profession your group’s list of hobbies with the classification given in the text and a business. But sport can be fun as well. Besides, it helps to stay in good shape, to keep fit and to be healthy. Doing sports is becoming 1.3. Reading. more and more popular. Some people do it occasionally - swimming in Hobbies summer, skiing or skating in winter - but many people go in for sports What is a hobby? on a more regular basis. They try to find time to go to a swimming pool In the 16th century a favorite toy for children of all ages was the or a gym at least once a week for aerobics or yoga classes, body hobbyhorse. In appearance a hobbyhorse could be as simple as a stick, building or just work-out on a treadmill. or it could have a decorated wooden framework with an imitation Gardening is one of the oldest of man's hobbies. It's a well- horse's head attached. Whether simple or elaborate, children used them known fact that the English are very fond of gardening and growing for the games of the time involving war and knighthood, much as flowers, especially roses. children in the early part of the 20th century played cowboys and Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays Indians. In time the popularity of the hobbyhorse declined, but the travelling, they travel to enjoy picturesque places, or just for a change pleasure of doing something outside the routine activities of daily life of scene. It's always interesting to discover new things, different ways had brought a new word into the language, the word hobby which is a of life, to meet different people, to try different food, to listen to shortened form of hobbyhorse. different musical rhythms. 21 22 Those who live in the country like to go to a big city and spend No matter what kind of hobby a person has, he always has the their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows opportunity of learning from it. By reading about the things he is and dining at exotic restaurants. City-dwellers usually like a quiet interested in, he is adding to what he knows. Learning things can be the holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk and most exciting aspect of a hobby. bathe and laze in the sun. Most travellers and holiday-makers take a camera with them and 1.4. Comprehension. take pictures of everything that interests them - the sights of a city, old Answer the questions churches and castles, views of mountains, lakes, valleys, plains, 1) What is the origin of the word “hobby”? waterfalls, forests; different kind of trees, flowers and plants, animals 2) What is the definition of the word “hobby”? and birds. 3) What are 4 large classes? Hobbies are divided into? Later, perhaps years later, they will be reminded by the photos of 4) What is the most poplar of all hobby groups? the happy time they have had. 5) What can sport be? (Can sport be fun as well?) People travel by train, by plane, by boat and by car. All means of 6) What is one of the oldest of man’s hobbies? travel have their advantages and disadvantages. And people choose one 7) Why are people fond of travelling? according to their plans and destinations. 8) What is a relatively new hobby, which is becoming more and If we are fond of travelling, we see and learn a lot of things that more popular? we can never see or learn at home, though we may read about them in 9) What famous and well-known personalities were 2 of the most books and newspapers, and see pictures of them on TV. The best way famous hobby painters? to study geography is to travel, and the best way to get to know and 10) What do people usually collect? understand people is to meet them in their own homes. Both grown-ups and children are fond of playing different 1.5. Discussion. computer games. This is a relatively new hobby but it's becoming more and more popular. 1) The text runs “If you have chosen a hobby according to your Making things includes drawing, painting, making sculpture, character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes designing costumes, handicrafts. Two of the most famous hobby more interesting”. Do you agree/disagree? Explain why. painters were President Eisenhower and Sir Winston Churchill. Some 2) The text runs “No matter what kind of hobby a person has, he hobbyists write music or play musical instruments. always has the opportunity of learning from it”. Do you Almost everyone collects something at some period in his life: agree/disagree? Explain why. stamps, coins, matchboxes, books, records, postcards, toys, watches. 3) Speak to your partner about you hobby. Keep in mind the Some collections have no real value. Others become so large and so following issues: valuable that they are housed in museums and galleries. Many world- - Has your life become more interesting? famous collections started in a small way with one or two items. People - Have you learnt from your hobby? with a good deal of money often collect paintings, rare books and other art objects. Often such private collections are given to museums, libraries and public galleries so that others might take pleasure in seeing them. 23 24 2. Hobby: Collector masterpieces of Faberge firm. By the way, the collection includes about 100 works by Jury Bakhtin made of mammoth tusk and Eugene 2.1. Pre-reading focus. Onishenko. Do you know anything about collector? What do people usually collect? What do you know? Alexander - Work in 3 groups My name is Alexander. I am a Russian policeman. I have my - Brainstorm your ideas own web-site, which is about me and my job in the investigative - Make out a list of things people usually collect service, it has some pictures of Russian militia and of my native city Vladivostok and talks about many other interesting things. 2.2. Pre-reading task. I am often asked by my colleagues-collectors to send them Now, read three texts about the collectors from Russia and the things Russian police and army insignia. At present time my financial they collect. situation does not allow me to give out these items as presents. The The 1st group – read the text “Vladimir Andreevich Pelepenko” reason for that is an extremely high price of postal services in Russia The 2nd group – read the text “Alexander” and the expensiveness of the insignia itself. I have an access to The 3rd group – read the text “Elena Lisina” acquiring patches, pins, orders and uniforms of Russian police and Add the things these Russians collect to you group’s list of army at a low price. Besides, I have my own stock of these items. If things people usually collect. you are interested in getting Russian police, army and KGB patches, pins, decorations and uniforms - I can help you with that. 2.3. Reading. Police collectors have a practice of exchanging patches from their departments, and it is like a sign of friendship. I support this Vladimir Andreevich Pelepenko tradition. A collector, General chief of UMC «Nedra», owner of «Cameo» shop, was born in Tumen in 1935. He has been living in Ekaterinburg Elena Lisina from 1957. In 1962 he graduated from Urals Polytechnical University Elena Lisina is a designer, the member of the Union of as an electrician engineer. His passion to natural stone and wish to Designers of Russia since 1988. Since 1989 she has been making gather a collection appeared at the age of 36. At present time unique unique, one-of-a-kind cloth dolls. She is a member of British Doll collection includes more than 10 thousand exhibits. There are 1000 Artists Association (BDA). Elena Lisina has been collecting dolls since agates of Chukotka (the most complete gathering), minerals of 1989 and exhibiting them. In 1997, on the Convention of the United excellent beauty from whole USSR and many regions of the world. The Federation of Doll Clubs (UFDC) in Los-Angeles, Elena was awarded collection was first exhibited in Munich (1988) and later in Vienna, with "The Award of Excellence" for the "Exhibit of Dolls". Dortmund, Hamburg, Denver (1989), London (1993) and Athens Since 1992 Elena Lisina's dolls collection has been exhibited in (1994). the Museum of Ural's Writers of Ekaterinburg, Elena also organizes Besides minerals the collection represents the products of stone doll exhibits in the other towns - Tumen, Rezh and etc. In the process made by Urals masters: Anatoly Ovchinnikov, Aleksei Antonov, of collaboration with the Museum of the Ural's Writers the unique form Anatoly Zhukov, Jury Polovnikov, Viacheslav Obolensky. Their works of a Doll museum was found - the combination of doll exhibit with of crystal and precious stones are of equal or better quality than literary themes that makes exhibits more educational and informative. 25 26 The exhibits that lasted for 1 year each, had such themes: "Dolls in 3.2. Pre-reading task Russian & foreign Fairy Tales", "Russian Toys", "The Nutcracker and Now, read four texts about “strange hobbies” of Americans the Doll Kingdom", "Tales for Alyonushka" and etc. made the The 1st group – read the text “Duct Tape Artist” acquaintance not only with doll history, but with literature and tales as The 2nd group – read the text “Junk Craftsman” well. rd The 3 group – read the text “Skunk Enthusiast” Every year they organized the children's contests of handmade The 4th group – read the text “Clown” dolls & toys, the themes were: "My Favorite Literary Hero", "Doll as a Add strange hobbies these Americans have to your group’s list of Literary Character". “strange hobbies”. 2.4. Post-reading discussion 3.3. Reading. • Now find a partner from each group. Work in groups of three. Duct Tape Artist Exchange the ideas. Melody Williams, 17 • What do people usually collect? Greers Ferry, Arkansas What do people rarely collect? As you can see, Melody's hobby is duct tape art. Her creations Discuss in the class include shoes, clothes, jewelry, cards and sculptures–even a model of Make a table on the blackboard Shakespeare's Globe Theater (which later became a home for her pet turtle, Shelley). COMMON COLLECTIONS UNCOMMON COLLECTIONS Most people aren't quite sure what to make of Melody's fascination with duct tape. "They laugh and mock me, "she says, "but they always come to me when they need an adhesive." • Do you collect anything? Are you a collector? Laughter isn't the only "difficulty Melody encounters while If your answer is a positive one, say what you collect. pursuing her hobby, "Duct tape is very sticky," she says, "When I was If your answer is a negative one, say what you would like to making my skirt, I had a lot of problems with it sticking to itself in collect or explain why you wouldn’t like to collect anything. places it wasn't supposed to. Also, wearing duct tape is slightly uncomfortable. It's stiff and difficult to breathe very well" 3. Strange Hobbies Not that any of these drawbacks have diminished her love for the "handyman's friend." She's even written a song about it: 3.1. Pre-reading focus. I have to say that my world is gray, Do you know anything about “strange hobbies”? not because of compromises made What are strange hobbies? What do you think? or morals in the shade, - Work in 4 groups but because of a sticky tape - Brainstorm your ideas and the way it takes shape. - Make out a list of “strange hobbies” There are so many uses and not many abuses of this great sticky mess 27 28 the component of my dress ... she says. "And besides, if everyone took up my hobby, there would be Ode to duct tape, my best friend; fewer skunks out there for me to collect!” Ode to duct tape, may the gray never end. Clown Tracy Earley, 16 Junk Craftsman Richmond, Virginia Zach Duke, 19 “Have you ever met anybody who wears a red nose and floppy Palatka, Florida shoes for fun?” Tracy asks. “That’s me! I’m a clown!” "Have you ever dreamed of having one thing in your life that Tracy got into clowning as part of a church ministry. She's still a you could say you’ve made? Well, if so, this is the hobby to get into. part of that group, and she's also started clowning around at kids’ All you need is an imagination, some old junk, and a creative outlook. birthday parties. She can tie animal balloons, ride a unicycle, paint This hobby is completely original: No one's junk is the same!" faces, juggle and do magic tricks. Zach’s hobby includes making picture frames, clocks and little One of the toughest things about clowning, besides coming up storage boxes out of odd items ("junk" items). He uses materials with new routines all the time, is the expense – a pair of clown shoes ranging from CD sleeves and license plates to an old snare drum. What alone costs over $200. But Tracy still loves her hobby. "I love making surprises him about his creations isn't just how well they turn out—he people laugh!" she says. "In the serious, fast-paced world we live in, can't believe that people want to pay for them. clowning is a way to relax and have fun. Plus it becomes fun during "When I made the storage boxes," he says, "a few of my friends boring moments at school. Sometimes in the middle of a really slow offered me money for them. Then when I made a clock, people offered day, I gather up things to juggle from my friends' backpacks and liven to buy that, too. I was amazed that my small ideas to create something up the class a bit!" a little out-of-the-ordinary would receive so much attention". 3.4. Post-reading discussion. Skunk Enthusiast • Find a partner from each group. Work in groups of four. Brittany Miller, 21 Exchange the ideas. Stillwater, Oklahoma • What is the most unusual hobby of all hobbies discussed? Collecting stuffed animals is quite a common hobby. But What do you think? collecting skunks is something else. “I have never met another person • Do you want to have this hobby? Why? /Why not? Explain. who even likes skunks–much less collects them”, Brittany says. • Do you have a strange hobby? There aren’t too many collectors with Brittany’s taste, besides Vote and make a table on the blackboard the toys can be pretty tough to locate. "You can find plenty of NO YES miniature dogs, stuffed bunnies and model horses, but skunks aren't as common," she says. “It seems, though, that there are starting to be more and more. Since I buy one every time I see one, skunk producers are probably starting to think they’re a hot item!'' Which is fine with If you have an unusual hobby, say what it is. her, as long as skunk supply continues to exceed skunk demand. "If • Do you want to have your groupmates’ hobbies? Why? /Why everyone collected skunks, my hobby wouldn't seem as special to me,” not? Explain. 29 30 4. Famous people’s collections Secondly, they are thrown about in disturbance all over the house. De Niro says that it is done deliberately – it's easier for him to 4.1. Pre-reading focus. choose the cut, corresponding to his mood. De Niro's collection is • Have you heard anything about famous and well-known "active" – now and then he puts on one of his hats and wears it. But the people’s collections? most interesting fact is that all of his wives and girlfriends assure that • Who are these collectors? when De Niro puts on one of his hats, his image transforms thoroughly. • What do these personalities collect? 4.4. Post-reading discussion. 4.2. Pre-reading task. • Find a partner from the other group and exchange the Now read two texts about famous and well-known American information about these collectors. actors John Travolta and Robert De Niro. • Have you known about John Travolta’s and Robert De Niro’s Work in two groups collections? The 1st group – read the text about John Travolta • Are these collections common or strange? Why or why not? The 2nd group – read the text about Robert De Niro Explain. 4.3. Reading. 4.5. Project Time. The psychologists assure that collecting stimulates the interest to Using the Internet and personal web-sites of your favorite star or life and raises the feeling of self-esteem. person make a report about “Famous and well-known people’s collections”. Represent your project in the class. It is known about John Travolta that before he has become a collector, he was a normal, cheerful lad that did all with appetite: ate, 5. Prestige Hobbies rescued and loved his wife Kelly Preston. But once upon a time Travolta has bought a plane – a small storm trooper, which initiated the 5.1. Pre-reading focus. hasty disease. Travolta liked the new toy so much, that he has decided • Collections are known to become work sometimes. Do you to collect the flying machines. The storm trooper was followed by the know anything about the collector who established a museum, reactive "Golfstrim", then "Boing-707", all in all now he possesses 7 a gallery or a shop? planes! Imagine how much space this collection occupies! And how • Who were/are these collectors? much money it costs? Last year Travolta ordered to install in each of • What did they establish? the airsheds the extremely sensitive cameras and the security system, the central board of which is set into the back of his bed. 5.2. Pre-reading task. Robert De Niro's collection is not so extravagant - it's just the Now read the text “Prestige Hobbies”, dealing with the collection of hats. But, first, there are plenty of them – approximately experience of establishing so-called “Hobby City”. Do you like the 1500. idea? Why/ Why not? Explain. 31 32 5.3. Reading. Prestige Hobbies № BENEFIT EXPLANATION 1 In 1955 the grounds of an old 3-acre chicken ranch were being 2 cleared. On this land the DeArmond family would build a growing city 3 with the hobbyist in mind. Within a few years, 3 additional acres were added to the original location making room for more collector shops and expanded free parking. In 1994, an additional 4 acres were 6.2. Pre-reading task. acquired, providing room for more parking and Adventure City, an Read the essay “Reading for pleasure” written by Bala Yahaya amusement park built just for kids. in groups. (Each paragraph is of each student). Find benefits of Imagine a 10 acre little city filled with thousands of interesting reading collectibles. The hobby and art shops in Hobby City are housed in - While reading the essay compare your group’s list of the uniquely constructed theme buildings. Bear collectors will surely enjoy benefits with those given by Bala Yahaya. visiting the old tree trunk towering into the sky almost 38 feet. Or visit - After reading the essay add the benefits of reading given in the the 1/2 scale replica of the White House, in which you can find some of essay to yours. the rarest dolls and toys. 6.3. Reading. 5.4. Project Time. Reading for pleasure Work in two groups. Create your own project. It may be a museum, a gallery, a shop, a club, a centre, etc. Represent your project Bala Yahaya in the class. Keep in mind the following issues: - Why have you decided to organize it? Human beings have various ways of relaxation. Some prefer - What will be exhibited there? spending their free time listening to music, while some prefer going out Why is it worth visiting? to the beach to savour the good provisions of nature; to some others, the best way to enjoy one's free time is to be glued to the TV set 6. Reading as a Hobby watching soap operas, home videos, musicals, etc. One very good way of enjoying one's free time is through reading. Unfortunately, the 6.1. Pre-reading focus. number of people taking advantage of this wonderful hobby is fast 1) Do you read for pleasure? declining. Most people today see reading as a burdensome endeavour Vote and fill in the table on the blackboard that should only be embarked upon when 'chasing' degrees, diplomas, or certificates. To this group of people, reading outside the classroom is OFTEN SOMETIMES NEVER a way of stressing oneself. According to the Californian Department of Education, "Professional educators and the public at large have long known that reading is an enabling skill that traverses academic disciplines and translates into meaningful personal, social, and 2) What are the benefits of reading as a hobby? economic outcomes for individuals." Brainstorm your ideas in 2-3 groups. Write them down. 33 34 Because of the society's growing apathy for reading, the number Moreover, reading of relevant materials avails us the opportunity of 'non-academic' visitors to our libraries has, over the years, to fairly assess our condition, make comparisons, and come out seeing drastically reduced. This dearth of reading culture has contributed a lot our problems as very minor and thanking God in the process. For to our collective stagnation as a people. We tend to see things from example, a nagging wife who reads Isidore Okphe who's novel, "The very myopic, sentimental and even outrightly uncivilised points of Victims", would transform to a good housewife and thank God for not view. This, perhaps, explains why we no longer appreciate the good letting her into the shoes of Nwabunor, Ogugua, and all other such virtue of putting ourselves last and others first when such need arises. It characters and their plights that combine to make the story a tragic one. further explains why our national aspiration of establishing a strong, In the same vein, reading George Orwell's "Animal Farm" could also virile, independent nation continues to elude us. At the local level, make a society to tread softly, the path of instigated rebellion against inherited values of good neighbourliness, courage, honesty, and constituted authorities because their supposed messiahs may turn out to industry are grossly discarded and in their place selfishness, laziness, be their evil predators. insincerity, and sycophancy become the order of the day. This is because it is an established fact that reading of high quality materials Reading also has the potential of bringing oat the best in us by helps in moulding, in a positive way, the character trait of children and making us to be creative. Readers have the natural tendency of seeing to some extent, redirecting that of adults. their favorite writers as role models thus wanting to become like them. This ignites the urge in the individual to write in the characteristic style Lyon and Chhabra (1996) opine that, "It is common knowledge of his own role model. Writing is said to be one percent inspiration and that reading is the fulcrum of academics, the pivotal ability that 99 percent perspiration. Thus an individual gets inspired by the works stabilizes and leverages children's opportunities to learn and to become of others and makes all the sacrifices to produce a unique work of his reflective, independent learners." A child who grows up in an own. This makes the society become an ocean of valuable ideas. environment where the reading culture is alive and kicking, grows up Another benefit of reading as a hobby is that, far more than other to, in majority of cases, become a fully enlightened, broadminded, pastimes, it develops one's intellectual capacity and understanding of socially balanced, culturally aware, and philosophically outstanding hitherto, strange things. Reading a good travelogue, for example, gives individual. Such individuals are, of course, the assets any country one an insight into the lifestyle of people in other countries, continents needs to attain greatness. and even creatures in other planets. The knowledge of their culture, religion and climatic conditions makes one to appreciate why they Furthermore, reading is a good way of chasing away boredom. dress in a particular way, why they eat a particular kind of food, why This is because engaging oneself in reading of a well-written book, they engage in a particular kind of trade among many other 'whys'. piece, biography, play, poem, etc., could effectively divorce him from Thus unlike, the unenlightened individual, he does not bring himself to any unpleasant realities of life that may be bedeviling him at any point blindly copy the life style of others. Consequently, he becomes proud in time. Any person who makes reading a hobby would readily attest to of his own culture and becomes ready to claim his nationality with all the fact that when he lays his hands on an interesting story, he finds its peculiarities; and without any unjustifiable negative feeling of himself so carried away that he doesn't even remember that it is time inferiority. It also enables one to get acquainted with the meanings and for lunch! Now if reading could divorce one from a reality like hunger, usage of several words and phrases. This aids the individual's the issue of boredom is certainly a minimal one. 35 36 communication skills in his business and social dealings with other members of the society.) 6.5. Discussion. Having considered some of the benefits accruable to an • Human beings have various ways of relaxation. Some prefer individual who adopts reading as a pastime, it will be appropriate to, at spending their free time listening to music while others prefer this juncture, examine some of the ways through which the reading going out to the beach to savour the good provisions of nature; culture can be revived among our people. In the first place, it is said for some others the best way to enjoy one’s free time is to be that 'charity begins at home', thus it is the humble opinion of this writer glued to the TV set watching soap operas, homevideos, that the inculcation of reading culture in our people should start from musicals, etc. One very good way of enjoying one’s free time the home. is through reading. “Tastes differ”. This is because, any hobby good or bad adopted from childhood automatically becomes part and parcel of the individual and will be • What is your hobby? very difficult to discard. Therefore while it is recommended that • The text runs: “Any hobby good or bad adopted from parents should try and arouse the interest of their children towards childhood automatically becomes part and parcel of the reading, it is also necessary to add that they should, at the same time, individual and will be very difficult to discard”. regulate the kinds of materials accessible to them. Secondly, Do you agree/disagree? Explain. government should also set in motion, a pragmatic programme for the If you agree, say, what parents should do to try and arouse the resuscitation of the reading culture in our society. This could be done interest of their children towards reading/ towards other through resuscitation of our library system, creation of reading centres hobbies? in our various relaxation spots, setting up of internet cafes where • The text runs “Many people allow themselves to ditch this people can have access to the net at affordable rates, subsidizing great pastime relying on the not-so-plausible excuse of "I don't reading materials, recognition and encouragement of writers through have time for reading (a hobby)"” sponsorship of writing competitions, publication of materials, and Is it an excuse? What do you think? Explain, why? funding of literary activities. If you think, that it is not an excuse, say, what people should do Many people allow themselves to ditch this great pastime relying to manage their time? on the not-so-plausible excuse of "I don't have time for reading" and thus allow even incisive and analytic newspaper features to pass them. 7. Animal Lovers Thus, at the individual level, we should make conscious effort to 7.1. Pre-reading focus. "create time for reading", knowing fully well that it is not only a good way of keeping ourselves abreast of happenings around us and beyond, 1) Do you think that keeping pets is a good idea? but also an effective means of spending our free time. A way of using 2) What pets are generally kept in town? In the country? one stone to kill two birds, if you like. 3) What are unusual (exotic) pets to keep? What is the most unusual pet you have heard of? 6.4. Post-reading discussion. 4) What problems do people face if they keep pets? 5) Why do people keep pets nowadays? Now, exchange your ideas. Find a partner from another group 6) Have you ever had a pet? What was it? What group had found more benefits of reading? 7) Are you keeping a pet now? What is it and what is it like? Do the students of each group adopt reading as a pastime? 37 38 That is interesting! smile. British pet owners spend around 3.5 billion pounds a year on pet It is possible to use the personal pronouns he/she when talking care and products. In the last five years, the amount spent on pet food, about pets. You can use toys and vet bills has risen by almost 25%. them when you treat your pet as a member of your family. Here are There are some pet owners who spend thousands of pounds on some examples: medical care to keep their sick pets alive. Pets can even have their teeth I have got a pet. She is a cat. Her name is Fluffy. cleaned and special pet contact lenses prescribed. Recently, it has I’ve got a dog. His name is Snoopy. become legal to use organ transplants to treat serious pet illnesses, such as kidney failure. However, it has not yet been decided on the source of donor 8) It is not a secret that British people love pets to bits and would organs. In America, organ transplants for pets have been allowed for a do anything to make their life enjoyable. But just how far does long time. Normally, owners of pets receiving the organs are expected this love go? Do you know the answer? to adopt the donor animal, usually a stray animal, and care for both. There are a number of pet accessories available to pets and their 7.2. Pre-reading task. owners. Special flashing collars for walking at night, water-resistant Now, read the text “Just how much do they love their pets?” dog jackets, car ramps for old or overweight dogs - you name it, they While reading fill in the vocabulary table. Then compare you have got it! There are also special accessories designed to keep your tables in the class. pet fit, such as treadmills for dogs to exercise indoors or orthopaedic beds for dogs that suffer from a bad back. There is even a special pet to love smb. to hotel in Newcastle upon Tyne that offers cats and dogs an opportunity bits to exercise in the indoor gym, relax in the Jacuzzi or watch videos of their owners on personal TV and video sets. Key vocabulary Unfortunately, in spite of Britain's reputation as pet lovers, animal abuse and cruelty still happen. There are a number of organisations that protect animals in Britain, but the most important is the RSPCA – the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. The word 'Royal' indicates that the Society is under special patronage of the Queen. Compare this to the National Society for the 7.3. Reading. Prevention of Cruelty to Children and you will get a quick taste of how serious the British are about animal welfare. A Nation of Animal Lovers: Although all pets are entitled to love and devotion from their Do you have a pet? It is no secret that British people love their pets owners, there are some pets that deserve good treatment and care more to bits and would do anything to make their life enjoyable. But just than others. These are assistance dogs. Endal, an assistance dog owned how far does this love go? The answer is QUITE far. by a Gulf-war veteran Allen Parton, who is confined to a wheel-chair As you walk anywhere in Britain, you are greeted by hundreds after suffering a serious head injury, has even won a number of awards of literally smiling cat faces, which makes you think that the Cheshire recognising the dog's achievements in helping people. Endal can use cat in Alice in Wonderland might not have been a mere product of cashpoint machines, buy bus tickets and do the shopping. Lewis Carroll's imagination. Well, British cats have every reason to 39 40