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Hobbies. Leisure Time: Учебно-методическое пособие

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Учебно-методическое пособие содержит тексты и задания для чтения и аудирования, лексико-грамматические и коммуникативные задания, словарь лексики и охватывает все аспекты обучения устной речи - аудирование, монологическую и диалогическую речь. Предлагаются упражнения, которые позволяют использовать как индивидуальную, так и разные формы интерактивной деятельности обучаемых (парную, групповую, фронтальную). Даны разнообразные задания для самостоятельной работы студентов. Пособие разработано с учетом принципа коммуникативной направленности и соответствует современным требованиям преподавания иностранных языков. Для студентов гуманитарных специальностей, изучающих английский язык.

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Изображения (картинки, формулы, графики) отсутствуют.
      Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации     УДК 20
                                                            ББК 81.2
           Омский государственный университет                  Х 680

                                                                                Рекомендовано к изданию
                                                                        редакционно-издательским советом ОмГУ

                                                                                        Рецензенты:
                                                                    ст. преп. каф. англ. языка ОмГПУ Л.А. Бахмутская;
                                                                        ст. преп. каф. англ. языка ОмГУ О.В. Гоголь


                                                            Х680       Hobbies. Leisure Time: Учебно-методическое пособие
                                                                   (для студентов гуманитарных специальностей, изучающих
          HOBBIES. LEISURE TIME                                    английский язык) / Сост.: Е.А. Бекерова, Е.В. Зайцева,
             Учебно-методическое пособие                           О.Ю. Казарина. – Омск: Изд-во ОмГУ, 2004. – 123 с.
     (для студентов гуманитарных специальностей,                       ISBN 5-7779-0495-5
              изучающих английский язык)                               Учебно-методическое пособие содержит тексты и зада-
                                                                   ния для чтения и аудирования, лексико-грамматические и
                                                                   коммуникативные задания, словарь лексики и охватывает
                                                                   все аспекты обучения устной речи – аудирование, монологи-
                                                                   ческую и диалогическую речь. Предлагаются упражнения,
                                                                   которые позволяют использовать как индивидуальную, так и
                                                                   разные формы интерактивной деятельности обучаемых
                                                                   (парную, групповую, фронтальную). Даны разнообразные
                                                                   задания для самостоятельной работы студентов. Пособие
                                                                   разработано с учетом принципа коммуникативной направ-
                                                                   ленности и соответствует современным требованиям препо-
                                                                   давания иностранных языков.
                                                                       Для студентов гуманитарных специальностей, изучаю-
                                                                   щих английский язык.




Изд-во ОмГУ                                     Омск 2004
                                                            ISBN 5-7779-0495-5               © Омский госуниверситет, 2004


                          Warming-ups                                TASK 2
TASK 1                                                               Popular home-based leisure activities
An average family day                                                                                 43% – Do-it-yourself
1. Study the diagram:
                                                                                                      46% – Gardening
                                      1 – Sleep
                                                                                                      60% – Reading books and newspapers
                                      2 – Breakfast travel
                                                                                                      73% – Listening to music
                                      3 – Start work, start school                                     3
                                                                                                      88% – Listening to the radio
                                      4 – Lunch
                                                                                                      95% – Visiting friends or relatives
                                      5 – Finish school
                                                                                                      99% – Watching TV
                                      6 – Finish work
                                      7 – Free time, homework
                                                                            1. Study the chart properly.
                                      8– Dinner
                                                                            2. Describe a typical British Sunday.
                                      9 – Watching TV                       3. Does it differ a lot from the typical Russian Sunday? Is there
                                                                     a special Sunday atmosphere in our country?
2. Now answer these questions:                                              4. Tick the activities that people do in your family. Make a
     - How much do the people work?                                  similar chart for your family. What is the most popular spare-time
     - How much time do they spend on eating meals?                  activity?
     - How much time do they spend on eating meals?
     - How much leisure time do they have?
                                                                     TASK 3
3. Make comparisons for your own family/country.                     Survey questions
                                                                           1. Are you a member of a youth group?
4. Draw a similar diagram and complete it for your family.                 2. Do you play video games?
                                                                           3. How much time do you spend on playing computer?
                                                                           4. Do you prefer outdoor or indoor pursuits?
                                                                           5. How many hours do you spend on TV and Internet per day?
                                                                           6. If you could take up a new pastime what would you do?
                                                                           7. What are you favourite hobbies?




                                  3                                                                     4


TASK 4
                                                                                         No time to see in broad daylight,
Look at the proverbs below, guess their meaning                                       Streams full of stars, like skies at night.
                                                                                        No time to turn at Beauty’s glance,
      1. Art is long, life is short.                                                  And watch her feet, how they can dance.
      2. Every man has his hobby-horse.
      3. Tastes differ.                                                                  A poor life this is if full of care,
      4. The busiest man finds the most leisure.                                        We have no time to stand and stare.
      5. Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.
      6. There is a time for everything.
      7. The one who is first to act achieves success.                                             Vocabulary
      Explain the meaning of each proverb in English. Think of                                       I. Hobbies
Russian equivalents of these proverbs.
      Do you agree or disagree with the proverbs? Do you follow any     Ex. 1. Answer these questions:
of them?                                                                      1. Have you got a hobby? If so, what is it?
                                                                              2. How long have you had this hobby? Why do you like it?
                                                                              3. Is it an expensive hobby?
TASK 5                                                                        4. How much time do you spend on your hobby?
                                                                              5. Is it a common hobby in your country?
Read the poem “Leisure” and answer the following questions:                   6. Write down three other common hobbies in your country.
      1. What is meant by the word “leisure”? What does leisure
                                                                              If possible, ask another person these questions.
consist of? What activities does it include? How can you characterize
it?
      2. What is the main idea of the poem?                             Ex. 2. From the following list of pictures representing people’s
      3. What is your idea of leisure time? What does it include?       hobbies find out the proper ones to fulfill the table below. Before
How would you characterize your leisure time?                           doing this connect the pictures and the things they denote:
                                                                            Things          Things          Outdoor
                                                                                                                           Creative hobbies
                               Leisure                                    people play people collect        activities
                                                       by W.H. Davies

                   What is this life if full of care,
                We have no time to stand and stare?
                No time to see, when woods we pass,
               Where squirrels hide their nuts in grass.



                                  5                                                                       6


                                                         Cards
                                                                                     6. I joined a club because I wanted to get better, and I now play
                                                         Board games
                                                                                        twice a week in the evenings. It has helped me a lot and I
                                                         DIY- do it yourself
                                                                                        have a much better memory for all the different moves and
                                                         Chess
                                                                                        strategies.
                                                                                     7. I think this is a very common hobby for people like me, who
                                                         Jogging
                                                                                        have a house but don't have much money. That's why I
                                                         Hunting
                                                                                        started, but now I think I do a better job than many
                                                         Camping
                                                                                        professionals.
                                                         Saxophone
                                                         Hiking
                                                                               Ex. 4. Complete these sentences with a suitable verb.
                                                         Rock climbing
                                                                                     1. How often do you       jogging?
                                                         Stamps
                                                                                     2. She………….. hiking because she wanted to get more
                                                         Photography
                                                                                        exercise. Unfortunately, she didn't like it and she it about six
                                                         Sewing
                                                                                        months later.
                                                         Coins
                                                                                     3. She has always……….. her own clothes; it's much cheaper
                                                         Antiques
                                                                                        than buying them.
                                                         Guitar
                                                                                     4. He old coins.
                                                                                     5. I      ……………. quite a lot of rock climbing when I'm on
Ex. 3. Here are some people talking about their hobbies. Can you                        holiday.
guess what the hobby is in each case?                                                6. I learnt to    the piano when I was at school.
     1. I usually use colour, but sometimes you get a better effect                  7. I wanted to improve my chess, so I      a chess club.
        with black and white. It really depends on the subject.                      8. I don't really anything in my spare time.
     2. I really enjoy going round the shops and markets looking for
        a bargain.
     3. I try to practise every day, but sometimes it's difficult because
        I don't like to disturb my neighbours too much. And one
        neighbour gets very angry if I play the same thing over and
        over again.
     4. The great thing is you can do it when you like. I usually do it
        three or four times a week - either early in the morning, or
        after school, I only go for about 25 minutes but it really
        keeps me fit.
     5. Obviously it saves me a lot of money; and in any case, I hate
        buying things in boutiques because so many things are badly
        made.


                                   7                                                                              8


                              II. Sports                                         Note: When you describe the playing area for              Course
                                                                                 football and the area around for the crowd (people        Coach
Ex.1 Give the names to the following ball games and equipment:
                                                                                 who watch, also called ____4____), it is called a         Umpire
                                                                                 ____5_____.                                               Spectators
                                                                                 Players: Some games are played by individuals,            Captain
                                                                                 others are ___6____ games. In a team, one player is       Referee
                                                                                 the ____7_____, and there is a manager (e.g. in           Linesmen
                                                                                 football) or a _____8____ (e.g. in basketball).           Line judges
                                                                                 Officials: Football, rugby and hockey have a
                                                                                 _____9_____ but tennis, cricket and baseball have
                                                                                 an____10_____. In football the referee has a whistle
                                                                                 to control the game and two _____11______, in
                                                                                 tennis there are _____12_____ to decide if the ball
                                                                                 is 'in' or 'out'.
Ex. 2. Define the following sports and required equipment:
                                                                                 Ex. 5. Look through the table carefully and tell about some extra
football basketball soccer     squash           cricket             volleyball   sports and necessary equipment:
           rugby      golf     table tennis     badminton                                                       Other sports
                                                                                 Name              Equipment                               Place
                                                                                 athletics         vest, shorts, running shoes or spikes   track
Ex. 3. Describe your actions while playing the ball games using the
                                                                                 motor racing      crash helmet                            track
verbs below:
                                                                                 swimming          swimming costume (women); trunks        pool
                                                                                                   (men)
                                                                                 boxing            vest, shorts, gloves, boots             ring
                                                                                 skiing            sticks, ski suit, ski boots             slopes (piste)

to throw    to pass     to catch       to hit             to head      to kick   Ex. 6. True or false? If false, correct the sentence to make it true.
                                                                                       1.   The people who watch a football match are the audience.
                                                                                       2.   The official who gives the score in tennis is the umpire.
Ex. 4. Complete the information about fans and places where sport
                                                                                       3.   Athletes wear shorts.
events take place:
                                                                                       4.   You need a stick to play hockey.
The playing area for football, rugby, hockey and             Pitch                     5.   Boxers wear gloves.
cricket is called a ____1____; for tennis, volleyball,       Stadium                   6.   Tennis is played on a pitch.
basketball, squash and badminton it is a                     Court                     7.   The referee in football has a whistle.
____2_____; for golf it is a _____3____.                     Team                      8.   Women wear trunks for swimming.

                                   9                                                                                10


Ex. 7. Answer these questions. If possible, ask a friend the same
questions.                                                               5. Which of these is not a winter sport?
                                                                             a. tobogganing
       1. Are there any games or sports that you watch but don't play?       b. skating
If so, what are they and where do you watch them?                            c. jogging
       2. Are there any games or sports you play/do yourself? If so,         d. skiing
which?
       3. Are there any that you are good at?                            6. Which of these is not an Olympic sport?
       4. Are there any that you hate?                                       a. parachuting
       5. Are there any that are not played much in your country?            b. rowing
       6. Which game or sport is the most popular in your country?           c. shooting
       7. Which game or sport is the most dangerous in your opinion?         d. archery
       8. Which game or sport requires the most strength?                7. Where was the 1994 World Cup final held?
       9. Which one has the biggest crowds?                                  a. Los Angelos
                                                                             b. Chicago
Ex. 8. Sport activities quiz
                                                                             c. New York
      1. Which of these sports is not played with a racquet?                 d. San Francisco
          a. squash
          b. badminton                                                   8. Which of these games is not played on a table?
          c. tennis                                                          a. snooker
          d. cricket                                                         b. dominoes
                                                                             c. darts
      2. Which of these sports uses an oval ball?                            d. billiards
          a. soccer
          b. rugby                                                       9. Which of these is not a martial art?
          c. water polo                                                      a. judo
          d. hockey                                                          b. karate
                                                                             c. croquet
      3. Which of these sports is not played over a net?                     d. jujitsu
          a. volleyball
          b. tennis                                                      10. Which of these is not a water sport?
          c. squash                                                          a. windsurfing
          d. badminton                                                       b. abseiling
                                                                             c. rowing
      4. Which of these sports does not involve throwing something?          d. snorkeling
          a. javelin
          b. shotput
          c. pole vault
          d. discus

                                  11                                                                  12


Ex. 9. Which of the mentioned above activities you find mostly:                       like football and tennis.                            SKILL
amazing    boring      delighting    embarrassing            exciting   frightening   If athletes are _____6_____ , they can use           COMPETE
                                                                                      opportunities to save vital seconds and increase
puzzling   fascinating     interesting          captivating     extreme    ordinary   their lead over other ________7_______.              FIT
popular                                                                               Regular running helps general health and             EFFICIENT
                                                                                      _____8_____, sharpening
dangerous funny enjoyable challenging tiring draining exhausting                      the senses and improving the _____9_____ of the      STRONG
                                                                                      heart and lungs. It can also improve stamina and
rousing    expensive     cheap      safe        remarkable     slow     unpleasant.   general _____10______.

                                                                                                              III. Leisure activities
Ex. 10. Complete the sentences with the appropriate adjectives:
                                                                                      Answer these questions:
     1. It’s _________ to swim after a heavy meal.
     2. It’s _________ to wear a helmet when you go cycling.                                1. What type of character are you?
     3. It’s _________ to wear a life-jacket when you go canoeing.                          2. Are you an out-going person or not?
     4. It’s _________ to take a guide when you go into the                                 3. What is your favourite occupation in leisure time?
        mountains.                                                                          4. Did (or will you) you choose your job by economic necessity?
     5. It’s _________ to buy good quality diving equipment.                                5. What is your friend’s hobby? What do passive people do
     6. It’s _________ to finish a Football World Cup with penalty                    during leisure hours?
        shots.                                                                              6. How does a creative type of character spend his leisure time?
     7. It’s _________ to shake hands with your opponent after a                            7. Why should leisure be refreshment?
        tennis match.
                                                                                                                      Music
Ex. 11. Read the short extract below. Use the words given on the                      Ex.1. Use the information given below to complete the chart.
left of each line to form a word that fits the space on the same line.                Search for some additional information.
After reading discuss the advantages and disadvantages of
running.                                                                                     Classical music: e.g Beethoven's piano concertos, Schubert's
                                                                                      symphonies. Beethoven and Schubert are both composers (= people
                    Running                                                           who write classical music) and most of their music is played by an
In ancient Greece running had a special                         IMPORTANT             orchestra (= large group of musicians including violins, cellos, etc.)
importance at the opening event of the Olympics                                       which is led by a conductor, e.g. Georg Soiti or Loren Maazel, as leader.
and was a part of all public games. _____1____                  SUCCESS                      Opera (= a play in which the words are sung): e.g. La Boheme by
runners were held in great respect and received                 HIGH                  Puccini, Carmen by Bizet.
the ____2___ rewards. Running is natural                        ACTIVE                       Rock and pop music: e.g. U2, Bon Jovi, Maria Carey. This music
___3____ and as well as events like the marathon                PREPARE               is played by groups/bands, e.g. Bon Jovi, Simply Red; or solo artists,
that require very special ______4______ , it is                 CENTRE
also a ______5_____ part of many other sports

                                           13                                                                            14


e.g. Madonna. Many solo artists, e.g. Phil Collins, are singer-            Ex. 2. What types of painting are these?
songwriters (= they write and perform/play their own songs).
                                                                            a portrait
     Jazz: e.g. Duke Ellington, Miles Davis, Stan Getz.
                                                                                  (= a painting of part of the
    Style   Instruments      Musicians             Popular      Period      countryside)
                                                   persons      of time        (= a painting that is not realistic')
                                                                                        a self-portrait
                                                                            (= a painting of a person)
                                                                           = a painting of the artist             by
                                                                            himself/herself)
Ex. 2. Create a list of different musical instruments and people who                     a landscape
play them starting from the information given at the pictures and
                                                                                             an abstract painting
then adding some extra ones:
 cellist                                          saxophonist

                                                                                                    Theatre and Cinema
                                                                           Ex. 1. Match the words from the left with the words from the right:
                                                                flautist
                                                                                 1. actress                            a) занавес
                          guitarist   saxophone       drums                      2. a musician                         b) бельэтаж
                                                                                 3. a prompter                         c) номерок (гардероба)
                                      Art                                        4. a composer                         d) композитор
                                                                                 5. a stage-manager                    e) суфлер
Ex. 1. Before speaking about arts and leisure read and analyze                   6. a cloakroom                        f) постановщик
these sayings.                                                                   7. a curtain                          g) гардероб
                                                                                 8. a check                            h) оперный театр
Give your personal opinion:
                                                                                 9. a stage                            i) репетиция
      1. Art if long, life is short. – Искусство вечно, (а) жизнь
                                                                                 10. scenery                           j) место (в театре)
коротка.
                                                                                 11. an opera-house                    k) комедия
      2. Every man has his hobby-horse. – У всякого свой конек.
                                                                                 12. a rehearsal                       l) аплодировать
      3. Tastes differ. – О вкусах не спорят.
                                                                                 13. the dress-circle                  m) музыкант
      4. The busiest man finds the most leisure. – Самый занятой
                                                                                 14. a seat                            n) сцена
человек находит больше всего досуга.
                                                                                 15. the comedy                        o) актриса
                                                                                 16. to applaud                        p) декорации


                                      15                                                                         16


Ex. 2. Say what they do.                                                               enjoy (a party, a play etc.)        получить
                                                                                                                           удовольствие от…
A dancer, an usher, an actor, a conductor, a singer, a clerk, a ticket
                                                                                 9.  show                                  оперетта
taker, an actress, a musician, a composer, a prompter, a producer, a
                                                                                 10.     variety show                      эстрадный концерт
spectator, a playwright.
                                                                                 11. ballet                                досуг
                                                                                 12. opera                                 концерт
Ex. 3. Give words or word combinations for the definitions:
                                                                                 13. musical comedy                        представление
        1.     the part of the theatre where the audience sits;                  14. drama                                 драма
        2.     a raised platform in a theatre where the actors appear;           15. tragedy                               трагедия
        3.     the highest balcony where the cheapest seats are placed;          16. concert                               опера
        4.     a place where hats and coats may be left;                         17. spectator                             зрительная аудитория
        5.     a piece of wood or metal with a number on it given in return      18. audience                              зритель
               for hat or a coat;                                                19. be a success (be popular with the     иметь успех
        6.     a set of actors in a play;                                            public)
        7.     programme;                                                        20. be a failure                          провалиться, не иметь
        8.     the main role;                                                                                              успеха
        9.     a trial performance of a play;                                    21. film (picture; movie)                 мультфильм
        10.    a person who shows people to their seats;’                        22. cartoon                               кинофильм
        11.    seats in the theatre behind the stalls.                           23. feature                               художественный
                                                                                                                           (фильм)
Ex. 4. Connect the topical vocabulary with the Russian translation:
   1. leisure                                       балет                     Ex. 5. What do the words in italics refer to in the sentence below?
   2. spare time                                    любимое занятие                a. It was so boring I fell asleep in the first act.
   3. go out                                        бывать в обществе,             b. I didn’t like his last one, but I couldn’t put his latest one
                                                    проводить время вне               down until the last chapter.
                                                    дома                           c. It was excellent. Have you seen it yet? It stars Anthony
   4.        stay-at home                           хобби                             Hopkins and Emma Thompson.
   5.        favourite occupation                   свободное время                d. She’s usually very good but I don’t think she was right for
   6.        hobby                                  домосед                           this part.
   7.        entertain (v) (guests) entertainment   развлекать, принимать          e. I think they spoil them. They always give them whatever
                                                    гостей                            they want.
         entertainment                              развлечение,                   f. It was a good break, but the weather wasn’t very good.
                                                    увеселение,                    g. They were delicious. John had tomato and mozzarella
                                                    представление                     topping and I had ham and mozzarella.
   8. enjoy oneself (have a good time)              хорошо       провести          h. It was really exciting, especially when Smith scored in the
                                                    время                             closing minutes.

                                        17                                                                            18


Ex. 6. The following questions are all asking for opinions. Match                 ART              MUSIC             LITERATURE
them with the opinions given in the previous exercise.
        Did you like the film?
        What did you think of the play?
        Did you enjoy your pizza?                                       Ex. 9. Which of the following verbs can go with the nouns in
        Do you like Ben Brown’s novels?                                 Exercise 8?
        What do you think of their children?                               read write compose play       play in   draw paint   conduct
        What was your holiday like?                                        hum tune
        What did you think of Hannah Smart?
        What was the match like?
                                                                        Ex. 10. Complete each of the following sentences with a verb in the
Ex. 7. Translate the names of the additional leisure activities. What   right tense and a noun.
are they? Discuss the following ways of the pastime.                           a. Agatha Christie _______ many famous _______.
1. Games of chance                                                             b. I couldn’t put the book down until I _______ the last
2. Spending time in the casino                                          _______.
3. To participate in talk shows in the capacity of spectators                  c. I don’t know the words of the song but I can _______ the
4. To participate in talk shows in the capacity of the visitors         _______.
5. Clubbing in the night clubs                                                 d. The only _______ I can _______ is the piano.
6. To keep personal diaries                                                    e. Picasso often _______ unusual _______ of his girlfriends.
7. The participation in the organizations                                      f. The _______ of Princess Diana _______ by the journalist,
8. The participation in the young people’s movement                     Andrew Morton.
9. The survey of home video                                                    g. Listen! The show is starting. Can you hear the _______?
10. Shooting, exposure                                                  They _______ their instruments.
11. The guessing of crosswords                                                 h. My brother is a soldier. He _______ the bugle in the army
12. Collecting the recipes                                              _______.
13. To spend time sewing things                                                i. Before I painted the picture I _______ a quick _______ in
14. The study group of embroidery                                       pencil.

Ex. 8. Look at the nouns below and write them in the correct
column.
    composer poem author painter oil painting instrument
    band palette sketch tune chapter orchestra bugle
    biography brush detective story banjo portrait fiction
    play drawing novel pianist pop group


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